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It was Hitler's version of the White Man's Burden.  See Bruce Johansen’s Forgotten Founders, pp. 56-76.  See Richard Slotkin’s Regeneration Through Violence, pp. 205-213.  See Urs Bitterli’s Cultures in Conflict, pp. 109-132.  See Donald Durnbaugh’s Fruit of the Vine, A History of the Brethren, 1708-1995.� The Sauers’ tale is very obscure, and while I have found some sources, I plan to look into those events more fully one day.�  See Richard Shenkman’s Legends, Lies and Cherished Myths of American History, pp. 21-22.  See David Waldstreicher's Runaway America: Benjamin Franklin, Slavery, and The American Revolution.  See Richard Drinnon’s Facing West, p. 70.  Benjamin Lay was arguably the first abolitionist, and a friend of Ben Franklin.� Lay made public demonstrations against the brutal effects of the British tea trade.� See David Waldstreicher’s Runaway America, pp. 80-83.  See John Shy’s A People Numerous and Armed, p. 218.� See Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States, p. 78.  See Thomas Cooper’s A Time Before Deception, p. 3  See Stephen Ambrose’s Undaunted Courage, p. 77.� Ambrose was Eisenhower’s biographer and was nearly the epitome of an establishment historian.�  See Stephen Ambrose’s Undaunted Courage, pp. 155-158.�  See Stephen Ambrose’s Undaunted Courage, pp. 165-175.�  See Stephen Ambrose’s Undaunted Courage, pp. 389-392.  See Stephen Ambrose’s Undaunted Courage, pp. 457-458.  See Paul Farmer’s The Uses of Haiti, p. 70.  See Alfred Young’s The Shoemaker and the Tea Party, p. 116.  See Richard Shenkman’s “I Love Paul Revere, Whether He Rode or Not”, pp. 16-33.  See Alfred Young’s The Shoemaker and the Tea Party, pp. 155-165.  See Alfred Young’s The Shoemaker and the Tea Party, pp. 56-57.  Two mainstream books that deal with the American mythmakers and the reality they have misrepresented are Richard Shenkman’s Legends, Lies and Cherished Myths of American History and “I Love Paul Revere Whether he Rode or Not”.�  See Wiley Sword’s President Washington’s Indian War, pp. 45-68.  See a summary of those events in William Blum's Killing Hope, pp. 444-452.  See Richard Drinnon’s Facing West, p. 90-92.  See Ward Churchill’s A Little Matter of Genocide, pp. 185-186.  The labels and names that Europeans have bestowed upon the Native Americans were rarely terms of appreciation.� There is debate over whether Native American polities should be called tribes, nations, bands, etc.� During the years of the study and writing of this essay and its updates as of 2014, the trend has been away from calling them American Indians to Native Americans, although many of them use the terms interchangeably.� Peoples who are commonly called by names such as the “Creek,” often do not appreciate the appellations.� There were about 100 tribes known by the name “Creek.”� Although I have “Creek” blood myself, I can appreciate that writing as a white man, not all Native Americans will agree with my terminology, nor all of the ideas I am using here.� For whatever inaccuracies I may be promulgating in my work about Native Americans, they have my apologies.� I am trying to write about “my people,” which are white Americans, and that is the main focus of my work, always, although I believe that all of humanity is one, with all of us descendants from a founder population about 60,000 years ago.  See Alan Galway’s The Indian Slave Trade, pp. 40-69.� See Ward Churchill’s A Little Matter of Genocide, p. 200.� See Ian Steele’s Warpaths, pp. 51-52.  See Ward Churchill’s A Little Matter of Genocide, pp. 195-196.�  On the Cherokee and these early days with the British, among my sources are Ian Steele’s Warpaths, Ronald Wright’s Stolen Continents, Ward Churchill’s A Little Matter of Genocide, and there are some good Internet sources, especially Lee Sultzman’s work.�  See Ronald Wright’s Stolen Continents, p. 113.  See Ronald Wright’s Stolen Continents, p. 206.  See John Ehle’s Trail of Tears, p. 75.�  These can be dismissed as simple Indian legends, but serious scholars consider them.� See Eckert’s A Sorrow in Our Heart, pp. 672-675.� See Ehle’s Trail of Tears, pp. 102-103.� On the zero year curse, Ronald Reagan apparently broke the curse by surviving an assassination attempt, and George Bush the Second survived his tenure.  See David Stannard’s American Holocaust, p. 252.  See John Ehle’s Trail of Tears, p. 122.  See John Ehle’s Trail of Tears, p. 131.  See Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States, p. 127.  See John Ehle’s Trail of Tears, p. 132.  See Richard Drinnon’s Facing West, p. 108.�  See David Stannard’s American Holocaust, pp. 121-122.  See Richard Drinnon’s Facing West, pp. 104-111.�  See John Ehle’s Trail of Tears, p. 220.  See Ward Churchill’s A Little Matter of Genocide, pp. 144-145  See Ronald Wright’s Stolen Continents, p. 292.� The second quote comes from the same writings that the first are taken from.  See Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States, pp. 128-129.  See Ward Churchill’s A Little Matter of Genocide, pp. 217-218.  See Paul Kennedy’s The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, p. 149.  Leonard Dinnerstein’s Anti-Semitism in America deals with the rise of anti-Semitism in America, which began in the 1840s.� It also applied to the other non-Anglo immigrants, such as the Irish and Eastern Europeans, but Jews suffered from the discrimination the worst.�  See Richard Drinnon’s Facing West, pp. 73-74.  See Jack Weatherford’s Indian Givers, pp. 59-78.  See Michael Parenti's History as Mystery, pp. 209-240.  See James Rawls’s Indians of California, The Changing Image, pp. 168-169.  See Ulysses Grant’s letter to President Andrew Johnson of December 18, 1865.�  My father’s fa ther was born in Plainville Kansas in 1907.� His early years were spent living in a sod hut.� He largely grew up in Wallace, in western Kansas, where the fort that Custer deserted was.� The Great Depression and Dust Bowl drove my grandfather, his young wife, and their oldest daughter out of Kansas, along with numerous other family members.� They moved around the nation, Grapes-of-Wrath-style, until coming to Washington State in 1935, while my grandmother was malnourished and pregnant with my father, who was born with rickets and nearly died.� I lived with my grandparents in Seattle for several months in the 1980s and became close to my grandfather.� In early 1994 my grandmother died, and in May I flew from Ohio and met my grandfather and aunt in Denver, and we drove to Plainville, which was his last trip to Kansas.� Kansas is surely its most beautiful in May, and the rolling plains in springtime were dazzling.� The old homestead and sod hut was gone and became part of somebody’s farm, although we visited the homestead of my grandfather’s uncle, where he played as a child.� It was still there, occupied by uneducated rural whites.� They lived in a dilapidated trailer home surrounded by rusting cars, with chickens and dogs running around, on a dirt road a long way from civilization.� We also visited the cemeteries of my ancestors, some of whom were among the region’s first homesteaders who died in the late 1800s.
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