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They became increasingly decorative, edged with lace and embroidered exquisitely. Spain's tourism thrives on the beauty of its sun-drenched southern beaches. The Portuguese, Dutch, and Spanish were able retain fragments of their empires, but the English and French dominated the scene after 1700, and the other powers were reduced to gnawing on the bones of their former glory.� The imperial jockeying during the 1600s, with constantly shifting alliances and endless wars, can make a reader dizzy, and this essay's point is charting the American Empire's development, so it will begin focusing on the imperial powers and North America, and especially the USA's parent, England.� When Spain’s rivals appeared in the New World during the 1600s, they acted similarly to Spain.� Spain was after slaves and gold .� England’s first New World adventures also sought slaves and gold.� In 1576, Martin Fr obisher captured a native of Baffin Island while looking for the mythical Northwest Passage.� Frobisher also found what appeared to be gold, and it was assayed as such in England.� The next year Frobisher returned with a mining expedition that devastated the local natives and hauled 200 tons of ore back to England.� The year after that, Frobisher returned to mine 2,000 more tons.� It all turned out to be fool’s gold.  � In 15 77, the same year that Frobisher hauled his fool’s gold back to England, the slave runner, pirate, and oppressor of the Irish, Francis Drake raided Spain’s Pacific ports and stole their loot, mainly silver.� Drake also sought the Northwest Passage and circumnavigated Earth to complete his mission on behalf of Queen Elizabeth.� When Drake returned with his haul, he was knighted and became England’s richest private citizen.� Humphrey Gil bert eventually became the English governor in Ireland.� Gilbert had a practice of lining the path to his tent with severed Irish heads, which was designed to induce a psychological effect when Irishmen led to his tent recognized their relatives among the heads.� After an unsuccessful attempt at finding the Northwest Passage in 1578, Gilbert was lost at sea near the Azores in 1583 after a failed attempt at colonizing today’s Newfoundland (some colonists mutinied).� Gilbert’s explorations inspired his half-brother, Walter Raleigh.
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